An adult without a blue vein in his leg can be called lucky, because according to statistics, every 4 women and every 7 men are destined to have varicose veins. Moreover, ugly veins can appear under the skin after 18-20 years and do not disappear anywhere, no matter how hard you try. Often, in addition to cosmetic defects, varicose veins also cause serious health problems: pain and heaviness in the legs, swelling, itching on the skin, until the appearance of abscesses that do not heal on the legs. Not to mention the high risk of blood clots, which is potentially life threatening.
The most obvious method of treating varicose veins is surgery. The affected veins are tied and just pulled like lace. In severe cases, venectomy will certainly improve the condition, reduce symptoms, and make life easier. However, getting rid of veins at a young age is a dubious prospect. No one can guarantee that in 3-5 years you will not come to the surgeon again with relapse or edema. I want to find a way out of the problem without surgery!
Before looking for such a method, you need to understand the idea that there is no known method that will get rid of varicose veins forever. All available methods, both traditional and formal, have a purely symptomatic effect: they can slow the further expansion of veins, reduce the likelihood of complications, significantly reduce and even eliminate symptoms completely, but do not eliminate the cause of vascular lesions. And the reason itself is unknown. We only know the factors of predisposition: genetically inherited vascular genes, hormonal disorders, overweight or strenuous physical activity, professionals need to spend most of the day in an upright position, etc. The influence of these factors can be reduced by changing your lifestyle.
Cowboy Pose and Water Treatment
The first way to improve the condition of the legs with varicose veins is to reduce the load on the veins. To do this, try to lift your feet off the ground at every opportunity, preferably above your heart level. The best anti-varicose sitting posture is "cowboy pose". This is when you lean in a chair and place your feet on the edge of the table. If you can lie down, place the roller under your feet.
The ideal after-work activity is swimming or water aerobics. Water has a massage effect, and its horizontal position relieves pressure on the venous valve. A light version of the water procedure is available for everyone - contrasting dilution from the shower from the feet to the middle of the thighs. You need to finish with cold water.
Venotonic or false expectations
The second method of non-surgical treatment is medication for varicose veins. For some people, venotonics turn out to be a magical medicine that helps cure varicose veins, while others believe they have wasted their money. The reason for the frustration with this drug is wrong expectations.
Phlebotonics will not make the veins hidden, it only relieves the symptoms of varicose veins, sometimes quite successfully. The main effect of the drug for varicose veins is to strengthen and improve the nutrition of the venous wall, but you will not feel this. The effects of the strongest pill are usually experienced by people who experience swelling of the legs and pain. If varicose veins bother you just as a cosmetic defect, then you should not rely on the noticeable effects of the pill. At the same time, years of research prove that phlebotonics improves the prognosis for varicose veins and makes the veins more elastic. Topical medications such as ointments and gels are considered less effective.
Stockings are not just under skirts
According to cultural norms, socks for men are polite, and according to phlebologists, they are necessary clothing for people of both sexes with a tendency to varicose veins. Stockings, tights, and knee-highs in a variety of colors - a variety of medical products made from elastic knitwear, which is not only recommended for the treatment of varicose veins, but also for prevention.
Products made of elastic knitwear differ in compression class - the pressure they exert on the superficial leg veins, taking part of the load to pump blood. Class "A" is prescribed for prevention. Such knitwear should be worn during pregnancy, as well as for men and women who spend all day on their feet. Compression classes I, II, III, IV are already used for medical purposes. It is difficult to style it without special tools.
Compressed socks for varicose veins reduce the severity of symptoms, reduce the risk of complications, but only work with continuous application. You should wear socks, tights and knees in the morning, before putting your feet out of bed. Shoot - only during sleep.
Sclerotherapy - a way to "fill" the veins
Sclerotherapy is considered a non-surgical treatment method for varicose veins, it is aged and continues to improve. Treatment consists of injecting nutrients into the spider veins or enlarged veins that cause blockage of the ducts. The vein collapses and is gradually replaced by connective tissue. The effect of the procedure can be seen after a few days, when the compression bandage can be removed. As a "glue", the drug is used in liquid form - for small vessels and in the form of foam - for larger saphenous veins. This method of treating varicose veins may be done if the diameter of the vein does not exceed 3-5 mm. While trying to "foam" a larger vessel, complications often arise.
Complications after sclerotherapy are very dangerous, this is due to the air entering the bloodstream, if foam is used, severe allergic reactions to the drug, inflammatory vascular lesions and the appearance of hyperpigmentation on the skin. Therefore, when choosing this method, you need to realize how much you can pay for the perfect leg.
Laser treatment of varicose veins
In fact, this method of treatment is within the competence of the vascular surgeon, however, it is considered frugal, as it is done without incision, using the puncture - the puncture of the vessel with a thick needle. After needle identification and anesthesia, the vessel lumen is irradiated with a laser. Due to the rise in temperature, the walls of the vessel appear to be consolidated, blood circulation stops and eventually the veins dissolve. The same operation is performed using electromagnetic oscillations in the radio frequency range - radio frequency ablation of blood vessels. The disadvantage of this method of treatment is the risk of thrombosis after radiation. Moreover, the most experienced surgeons are unable to completely eliminate the risk of blood clot formation. In addition, laser treatment of varicose veins and radio frequency ablation is still a young method, its long-term results have not been studied.
Good old physical therapy
A method that was once widespread for the treatment of all and sundry, but now it is unforgettable. When treating varicose veins in the lower part of the leg, your doctor may recommend physiotherapy to you as an adjunct. These are: laser and magnetic therapy, UV irradiation, ozone therapy, NO therapy, and mud therapy. Physiotherapy practically has no complications and limitations, is painless and unpleasant. However, do not expect magical effects from them. The most you can trust is relief of symptoms, better prognosis of disease and the appearance of skin on the feet.