Varicose veins: photos, ratings and classifications

According to statistics, about 83% of the population suffers from diseases such as varicose veins in the lower legs. Therefore, it is important to know what varicose veins are at an early stage. This will allow timely identification of the disease and prevent the development of possible complications.

Types of varicose veins

Varicose veins, accompanied by expansion, tortoise and destruction of valve apparatus, can affect various organs of the body. Therefore, the classification of this pathology is based on its place of localization.

According to the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases, the following types of diseases are distinguished:

  • Varicose veins of the circulatory system.
  • Enlargement of the digestive tract.
  • The accumulation of many pathological clots in one place.
  • Varicose veins of the lymph nodes and blood vessels, which are not systematic in other parts.
  • Varicose veins on the lower leg.

The use of ICD 10 in medical practice allows the phlebologist to make a correct diagnosis and differentiation of varicose veins.

In turn, varicose veins in the lower part of the leg, depending on the stage of travel, are classified as diseases by:

  • Ulcerative lesions.
  • Progressive inflammatory process.
  • Ulcers and inflammation.
  • Phlebectasia of the feet, unknown etiology or unspecified localization.
  • Varicose veins on the legs or other parts with damage to the skin.
  • Absence of vein deformity by abscess, inflammation or inflammatory process.

Taking into account the main places of localization of pathological changes, varicose veins are distinguished:

  • Superficial veins.
  • Veins.
  • Reticular.

Extensive classification of varicose veins is due to polyethiology and various variations of the course of the disease. When distinguishing pathology, modern phlebologists use not only ICD-10, but also the classification of diseases according to form.

The following forms of varicose veins are distinguished in medical practice:

  • Subcutaneous and intradermal partial blood vessel lesions without recurrence.
  • Segment lesions with reverse blood outflow in all veins.
  • Extensive lesions with discharge of pathological etiology along the saphenous vein and perforator.
  • Extensive venous involvement with abnormal deep vein removal.

Varic deformities and dysfunction of blood flow in them can be of several types. Only a phlebologist can diagnose and prescribe the type of varicose veins correctly based on the results of a comprehensive examination.

Varicose veins

Depending on the process of disease development, varicose veins have 4 stages of development. Each of them is characterized by a specific symptom.

  • In the first stage, there is a feeling of heaviness in the legs and pain. Spider veins, varicose veins, and swelling are imagined. Probably an accidental calf muscle spasm and a burning sensation in the legs. It is characterized by the absence of stagnation in the bloodstream.
  • Second-degree varicose veins are accompanied by oxygen starvation in the venous system. It is characterized by a rapid increase in the size and number of vascular nodes and asterisks. Such lesions have clear boundaries, which contribute to their more obvious manifestations. It is possible to group it into a small wound area outside the area. This increases the pain and swelling of the soft tissues.
  • With third-degree varicose veins, trophic lesions on the middle surface of the foot form. This is characterized by the appearance of brown areas on the skin, which, as the disease progresses, are covered with dry crusts and cracks. Against their background, the development of dermatitis is possible. The presence of large edema becomes dangerous. Extraordinary fatigue and pain were felt.
  • The fourth stage is the complication of the disease. They can manifest themselves in the form of the development of inflammatory processes, trophic ulcers in the venous wall. Bleeding may occur with mechanical damage to the seal. This stage is dangerous with the possibility of developing venous insufficiency, which can then acquire a chronic form.

In the third and fourth stages, the patient begins to experience severe pain sensations with different properties, both in the muscles and along the venous trunk. Very rarely, node rupture may occur, accompanied by slight blood loss. Often, these symptoms appear at night. If, with varicose veins, hyperthermia and increased weakness appear, then this directly indicates the emergence of complications of the disease.

Varicose veins themselves are not a dangerous disease that cannot be cured. But, it should be noted that this pathology does not disappear on its own, and develops rapidly. The identification of first-degree varicose veins increases the time for a quick and successful recovery. Launched stage four varicose veins are a danger to the body and human life.

Level of varicose veins in the lower leg

Varicose veins are characterized by several stages of pathology. Each determines the prevalence of the disease and has certain characteristics. There are many classifications of varicose vein levels, each of which has its own symptoms and therapies.

Especially in professional practice, modern phlebologists use the classification of varicose veins according to the degree of change in blood flow in the body's blood vessels. The founder of the division of varicose veins into stages is Saveliev.

According to the conclusion, the following stages of the disease are distinguished:

  • Compensation. It is characterized by the presence of cosmetic problems. There are no symptoms of thrombosis, but when examining the patient, there are signs of early stages of varicose veins in the legs. Depending on the pathological etiology, the degree of varicose vein compensation without appropriate treatment throughout the year can develop into second-degree varicose veins.
  • Subcompensation. Blood vessels undergo deformation and are clearly visible on the surface of the feet. Subcompensation level varicose veins are accompanied by pain and swelling in the lower leg. There is a feeling of heaviness, fullness and increased sensitivity of the skin. Swelling in the legs increases in the evening, and disappears in the morning.
  • Decomposition. The visual signs of pathologists increase significantly. Nets and venous nodes become larger not only in area, but also in volume. There is a strong itchy sensation. The surface of the skin becomes dark, dry and shiny. At this stage, there is minor bleeding, which provokes the deposition of hemosiderin, which causes hyperpigmentation of the skin in the affected area.

The early stages of varicose veins for each organism run differently. The intensity of the manifestation of symptoms and the duration of time are individual and depend on many factors. Therefore, if there are any signs of pathology, you should immediately seek qualified medical help. Timely treatment will prevent the development of more serious varicose veins.

Early stages of varicose veins in the legs: pathological treatment

With varicose veins, the effectiveness of the course of therapy directly depends on the timely manifestation of pathology. Qualified medical care in the early stages of the development of the disease allows you to fully restore the integrity of the vascular wall and the function of damaged veins.

Treatment of varicose veins at an early stage is done in a complex and consists of:

  • Complex venotonic applications. For complex effects on the veins, oral tablets are administered. Detralex and Vasoket are popular among them. Also, the use of local preparations in the form of ointments and gels has a high therapeutic effect. In the early stages of the disease, heparin ointment quickly and effectively relieves symptoms.
  • Sclerotherapy. Phlebology, taking into account the clinical picture of the disease, is performed: microsclerotherapy, ecosclerotherapy or foam-shaped sclerotherapy. Minimal invasive techniques consist of the introduction of a special drug, sclerosant into a vein with a thin needle. After the procedure, it is mandatory to wear special compression socks. The effectiveness of sclerotherapy explains its application at the level of varicose vein compensation in the lower leg.
  • Ozone therapy. Refers to physiotherapy treatment, which is one of the complex therapeutic components of leg varicose veins at an early stage. Such procedures increase the supply of oxygen to the cells and stimulate blood circulation through the veins. As a result, the walls of the affected blood vessels are attached.

Each method of treating varicose veins requires a prescription and mandatory medical supervision. Self-treatment of varicose veins is strictly prohibited.

Varicose veins in the lower extremities are difficult to diagnose on their own. Visual information on the Internet contributes to visual familiarity with signs of pathological features.

Varicose veins usually look like varicose veins, causing cosmetic discomfort, causing pain in the legs, cramps at night, trophic changes in the lower leg area. Vaginal enlargement varies - from small spider veins and nodules to large convoluted stems, prominent plexus clearly visible in an upright position.

In 75 - 80% of cases, the trunk or large saphenous vein branch is affected. Lower veins are easier - lesions can only be seen in 5-10% of cases. During palpitations, the veins look elastic, they can be easily squeezed, and the temperature on the affected vessel is slightly higher than in all other areas of the epidermis. This is due to the release of blood and arterial blood from the deep veins through the communication channels into the varicose veins located on the surface. In the horizontal position, the tension from the vein decreases, and the size of the affected node decreases. In some cases, it is possible to feel a small defect at the intersection of the perforated and superficial veins. The longer the disease progresses, the more unpleasant symptoms become. There is rapid fatigue, heaviness in the lower legs, paresthesia, swelling in the legs and feet. The latter usually appears in the late afternoon, and disappears in the morning after resting.

What do varicose veins look like in the legs - photos and signs

When a woman begins to look at the small vascular network on the surface of the skin at the bottom of her legs, she wonders how varicose veins form on her legs. The disease is dangerous, as it can not manifest itself for a long time.

Description of the disease

Varicose veins in the lower part of the leg are congestion in the circulatory system that causes varicose veins. In 80% of cases, the disease occurs right on the feet, as they have the greatest load due to running, continuous physical activity.

what are varicose veins

Each vein in the leg has a specific valve responsible for proper blood flow. This helps prevent blood stagnation and damage to the circulatory system. The disease occurs when blood flow is disrupted, blood begins to flow not only upwards but also downwards. This is due to venous valve damage. The ship loses its former elasticity and becomes deformed. This is the early stage of varicose veins.

Varicose veins can appear on any part of the legs: in the thighs, below the knees, in the lower legs, in the legs. Varicose veins on the legs appear in the form of blue stars, red or small blue patterns.

Vascular surgeons warn that the risky areas for varicose veins are the thighs and lower legs. A woman should pay attention to the condition of the legs and pay attention to the changes that occur.

In the thigh, the disease manifests itself as an outline that resembles a river. In photos of varicose veins in the legs, vascular network, asterisks are observed. In the lower leg, the pathological structure is similar to the location in the thigh, but only at an early stage. When the disease is ignored, large bruises appear on the lower legs, a rash resembling blue and red bags.

The hardest thing to notice is below the knee. There are a few blue veins coming out, a red net may appear. Varicose veins on the legs are the most dangerous of all locations, the site is more susceptible to negative influences from external factors, physical stress.

At the first sign shown in the photo of varicose veins on the legs (small red nets, spider webs, blue dots), you need to buy elastic stockings, see a vascular surgeon.

Degree of damage

Classify the disease according to the degree of damage to the ducts and veins in the legs. Modern doctors use international classifications to make diagnoses. He identified 7 major degrees of varicose veins in the legs:

stage of varicose veins
  1. Zero, difficult to diagnose. It is impossible to determine independently, observing the signs of the disease. Many women associate it with normal leg fatigue. There is a feeling of heaviness in the legs, "buzzing", swelling, spasms that are rare (especially at night). If tested, it can give the wrong negative results;
  2. Grade 1 looks like a small net with stars in the legs. The patient also felt all the accompanying signs from zero degree. They appear in the evening or are indistinct during the day;
  3. 2 degrees - more clearly in terms of symptoms, a person can freely recognize the disease. Bluish and red lines appear on the surface of the feet, the stars and nets appear prominent. The patient begins to notice that the veins are getting bigger. Pathological signs become more pronounced after active load on the limbs; The higher the level of leg lesions, the more likely it is to have complications in the cardiovascular system. Varicose veins are a disease of the entire circulatory system, therefore it is accompanied by pathology in cardiac activity, disruption of the process of hematopoiesis.

Type of disease

Certain ducts can be damaged by varicose veins. Depending on which one does not work, doctors distinguish several types of pathology:

To understand what this disease is, it is necessary to consider each type of varicose vein in the leg separately:

  • The name reticular comes from the reticular vein, which has a diameter of not more than 2 mm. This type will be presented in the photo in the form of small nets, thin lines, stars at the feet. They are clearly visible, as they are located near the surface of the dermis. Women more often notice such manifestations on the surface of the thighs. Reticular varicose veins are harmless. This type of disease does not cause discomfort to the patient (except aesthetics), does not cause serious complications.
  • Views of small or large saphenous venous stems are affected, which causes the expansion of duct veins. The name also comes from a specific vein damage - the stem. If a large vessel is damaged, the picture of varicose veins on the legs will look like this: large bruises, like a river, curved lines. If the small veins do not function, similar symptoms appear, but with a less pronounced form. This is a dangerous form of pathology, which threatens serious complications if treatment is not timely;
  • Segment. Duct veins with a diameter of 3 mm or more are affected. This is a large vessel, so that the disease can be identified independently. Symptoms are shown in photos of varicose veins in the early stages of the segmental type. Is a small swelling, a small bruise on the surface of the dermis. They have no blue or red color. If you do not see a doctor on time, the bruises can expand and turn into big bruises. With early diagnosis, the disease can be eliminated with the help of sclerotherapy;
  • Perforated and most dangerous varicose veins, derived from the name of perforated veins. They play a major role in the circulatory system. This vein connects the inner channel to the surface. Often, such wounds lead to surgical intervention. In the photo, the disease resembles a large or medium bruise, a deviation on the surface of the skin. They can be single or merged into one structure, becoming larger in size.

It is important to seek timely medical help to avoid unpleasant consequences, and not bring the disease to the need for surgical intervention. The main thing is also the prevention of varicose veins. It consists of wearing comfortable and correct shoes made of natural fabric with orthopedic soles. Do not put excessive pressure on the lower limbs. Men, like women, should pay more attention to the condition of the legs, checking it more often for damage and symptoms of varicose veins.

What do varicose veins look like in the legs - photos and signs

When a woman begins to look at the small vascular network on the surface of the skin at the bottom of her legs, she wonders how varicose veins form on her legs. The disease is dangerous, as it can not manifest itself for a long time.

What do varicose veins look like on my legs?

Varicose veins are a very dangerous disease, because the first signs of its development are usually not noticed by a person. As a rule, patients feel fatigue and heaviness in the legs as a result of hard work days.

In many cases, this is not a reason not to monitor the condition of the vessel in the lower limbs. Therefore, further we will discuss what the disease is, and also consider the type and extent of manifestations of varicose veins in the photo.

Varicose veins - pathological features

Varicose veins on the legs are not only a cosmetic problem that causes people to worry about their appearance, but also a very dangerous pathology that requires timely therapy and adherence to preventive measures.

Help. Women experience varicose veins several times more often than men.

Varicose veins in the lower leg- a disease characterized by the occurrence of varicose veins. In addition, there is a violation of blood outflow, which causes stagnation in the circulatory system.

To understand what a varicose vein is (see photo), you should consider the process of its occurrence.

what are varicose veins

The vein located at the foot has aspecial valve. They doblood flow exclusively in one direction (upwards) and do not let it stagnate.

Failure of this valve function causes the fact thatthe blood can move in the opposite direction (downwards), which prevents its outflow.

As a result, the vessels lose normal elasticity and under blood pressure begin to expand and deform. All this provokes the development of the early stages of the disease.

Help.Symptoms of the disease can appear in various parts of the lower legs, especially in the thighs, below the knees, in the calves; varicose veins of the legs are also quite common (photo below).

There are many factors that provoke the development of this pathology:begins with an uncertain lifestyle, physical load, bad habits and ends with hereditary predisposition, hormonal disorders, congenital weakness of the vascular wall.

Many people, unaware of how serious the problem is, do not rush to see a specialist, but start practicing self-treatment.

However, this is not an option, as the use of vascular drugs independently endangers health. Moreover, they themselves could not solve the problem. A competent integrated approach is needed here.

Having determined the characteristics of pathological development, we will consider further how varicose veins in the legs look, depending on the type of development.

Degrees of varicose veins of the legs

The world community of scientists has systematically formatted the manifestations of varicose veins in the lower extremities.

Help. This classification is called CEAP (Clinical Anatomy Pathology of Clinical Etiology).

According to the classification, there are 7 degrees (stages) of the disease:

  • zero- a condition in which a person experiences heaviness in the legs, swelling, cramps, but does not appear visually. During special examinations, no deviations are determined;
  • Class 1 varicose veins (see photo below)- spider veins appear and the same symptoms are observed as in the previous stage;
  • second- bulging veins or blue nodules become noticeable, which can increase from excessive physical activity or prolonged stay in one position;
  • third- all of the above symptoms are accompanied by normal swelling, which is very noticeable in the evening. In the morning it may disappear, but at night it appears again;
  • fourth- due to malnutrition, trophic processes begin in the vascular system. The skin around the veins turns brown or black. Inflammation of the skin can arise: from slight redness to large tears;
  • fifth- all 4 degree symptoms coupled with significant prolonged trophic ulcers;
  • The sixth
  • is ​​an active and incurable trophic ulcer.

Diseases like these should be treated immediately, and the sooner the better. Not only are the last stages of varicose veins dangerous, but also serious complications can lead to death.

Also, the pictures of the first stage of varicose veins look quite normal, but the pictures from the next veins will be shocking.

Conclusion

Varicose vein information and pictures will make you think about the fact that you should pay attention to your health and lead a proper lifestyle. Preventive measures in this case are an opportunity to prevent the disease.

If, due to the anatomical features of the body, the veins have been damaged, then you should immediately treat it.

Varicose veins require immediate treatment, the absence of which can lead to serious consequences: the development of thrombophlebitis, bleeding from venous nodes and trophic ulcers that can provoke amputation of the foot.